Chlamydia affects people of all ages but is most common in young women. Many who have chlamydia do not develop symptoms (asymptomatic), but they can still infect others through sexual contact. Chlamydia infections can also develop in the rectum or throat. If left untreated (including asymptomatic carriers) it can cause irreversible damage including permanent infertility.
- Pain in the eyes, lower abdomen, pelvis or vagina
- Burning or itching of the genitals
- Pain during sex or urination
- Abnormal vaginal discharge
Treatment: The most common antibiotic treatments are azithromycin or doxycycline. If you have an allergy to some antibiotics or are pregnant your doctor may choose a different antibiotic treatment.
Genital Herpes (herpes simplex 2 virus)
Caused by the herpes simplex virus, the disease can affect both men and women.
Pain, itching and small sores appear first. They form ulcers and scabs. After initial infection, genital herpes lies dormant in the body. Symptoms can recur for years. Medication can be used to manage outbreaks
- Pain in the vagina
- Pain during urination
- Genital sores on the genital area, buttocks, thighs or anus
- Pins and needles in the genital area
- Skin rash
- Tingling or shooting pain in the legs, hips or buttocks leading up to an outbreak
Treatment: Unfortunately, the herpes simplex virus (1&2) lie dormant in your body and there is no known cure. Acyclovir, famciclovir and valacyclovir are antiviral medications prescribed to help manage an outbreak. If the outbreak is severe, antivirals can be administered through IV.
Gonorrhoea is a sexually transmitted bacterial infection that can be treated with antibiotics. If left untreated (including asymptomatic carriers) it can cause irreversible damage including permanent infertility.
- Painful urination
- Abnormal discharge from the vagina
- Increases vaginal discharge
- Pain in the lower abdomen
- Frequent urge to urinate
- Irregular menstruation
- Sore throat
Treatment: The most common antibiotic treatments are azithromycin, doxycycline or Ceftriaxone. If you have an allergy to some antibiotics or are pregnant, your doctor may choose to use a different antibiotic.
Hepatitis B is a virus that is found in blood and other body fluids including vaginal fluid, semen and breast milk. It is highly infectious and causes inflammation of the liver.
- Pain in the abdomen
- Loss of appetite
- Fluid in the abdomen
- Web of swollen blood vessels in the skin
- Jaundice (yellowing of the eyes or skin)
- Dark urine