Vaccinations

This is not a debate between antivax and vaccinating parents but simply some information about what vaccines are on the WA schedule. WA is currently under the no jab no pay policy but there is exceptions for medical reasons. Herd immunity is how we protect those that are unable to vaccinated. Vaccines are designed to help the body create antibodies to these diseases so if you come into contact with someone who is sick with any of these diseases, it will help prevent contracting the disease or lessen the impact the disease will have on the body. Some vaccines are live which means the child can be contagious for a set amount of time, but most vaccines contain dead cells of the virus it is protecting against.

Vaccination Preperation

Birth

- Hepatitis B

6-8 Weeks

- Pneumococcal

- Rotavirus

- DTPa-IPV-Hep B-Hib (diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis, hepatitis B, poliomyelitis, haemophilus influenzae type b)

6 Months

- Pneumococcal

- Rotavirus

- DTPa-IPV-Hep B-Hib (diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis, hepatitis B, poliomyelitis, haemophilus influenzae type b)

12 Months

- MMR (measles, mumps, rubella)

- Meningococcal ABWY

- Pneumococcal (at risk children only)

- Hib and Men C (haemophilus influenzae type b, meningococcal C)

- Hep A (aboriginal children only)

- Hep B (preterm or low birth weight only)

18 Months

- MMRV (measles, mumps, rubella, varicella)

- DTPa (diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis)

- Hib (haemophilus influenzae type b)

- Prevenar 13 (aboriginal children only)

- Hep A (aboriginal children only)

4 Years

- DTPa (diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis, hepatitis B, poliomyelitis)

- Pneumococcal (at risk children only)

Optional Vaccinations

- Influenza

- HPV

What is Hep B?

Hepatitis B (also called hep B) is a virus that is found in blood and other body fluids including vaginal fluid, semen and breast milk. It is highly infectious and causes inflammation of the liver.

What is pneumococcal?

Pneumococcal disease is caused by infection with the bacteria Streptococcus pneumoniae. Infection can cause a variety of diseases including pneumonia (infection of the lungs), otitis media (infection of the middle ear) and meningitis (infection of the membranes around the brain and spinal cord)

What is rotavirus?

Rotavirus is a genus of double-stranded RNA viruses in the family Reoviridae. Rotaviruses are the most common cause of diarrhoeal disease among infants and young children. Nearly every child in the world is infected with a rotavirus at least once by the age of five.

What is diphtheria?

Diphtheria is a contagious disease, spread by an infected person's coughing, sneezing or open wounds. Symptoms include a sore throat and breathing problems. Diphtheria can affect people of all ages but can be prevented with vaccination. Treatment includes antibiotics and diphtheria anti-toxin.

What is tetanus?

Tetanus is a bacterial infection caused by Clostridium tetani. The bacteria make a toxin in your body that causes the disease. Tetanus causes severe muscle spasms, especially in the neck and jaw (called lockjaw). Around 1 in 10 people who get the disease will die from it.

What is pertussis?

Pertussis, also known as whooping cough, is a highly contagious respiratory disease. It is caused by the bacterium Bordetella pertussis. Pertussis is known for uncontrollable, violent coughing which often makes it hard to breathe.

What is poliomyelitis?

Poliomyelitis (or "polio") is a viral infection that can cause paralysis and death. In the past, polio was common especially in children. Now due to immunisation, polio is rare in most parts of the world, although it persists in some developing countries.

What is haemophilus influenzae type b?

Hib disease is caused by infection with Haemophilus influenzae type b bacteria.

Infection can cause Meningitis (infection of the membranes around the brain and spinal cord), Epiglottitis (severe swelling of the epiglottis at the back of the throat), Pneumonia (infection of the lungs), Osteomyelitis (infection of the bones and joints) and Cellulitis (infection of the tissue under the skin, usually on the face)

What is measles?

Measles is a highly contagious infectious disease caused by the measles virus. Symptoms usually develop 10–12 days after exposure to an infected person and last 7–10 days. Initial symptoms typically include fever, often greater than 40 °C (104 °F), cough, runny nose, and inflamed eyes.

What is mumps?

Mumps affects the parotid glands, salivary glands below and in front of the ears. The disease spreads through infected saliva. Some people experience no symptoms. When symptoms occur, they include swollen, painful salivary glands, fever, headache, fatigue and appetite loss.

What is rubella?

Rubella (German measles) is a viral illness that causes a skin rash and joint pain. A rubella infection is mild for most people but can cause death or birth defects in an unborn baby.

What is meningococcal?

Meningococcal meningitis is a rare but serious bacterial infection. It causes the membranes that cover the brain and spinal cord to become inflamed.

What is varicella?

Chickenpox (also called varicella) causes an itchy, blistering skin rash and mild fever. It is usually a mild disease that lasts for a short time in healthy children, but it can be more severe in adults. Chickenpox is a serious disease because it can cause scarring, pneumonia, brain damage and sometimes death.

What is influenza?

The flu attacks the lungs, nose and throat. Young children, older adults, pregnant women and people with chronic disease or weak immune systems are at high risk. Symptoms include fever, chills, muscle aches, cough, congestion, runny nose, headaches and fatigue. The flu is treated primarily with rest and fluid to let the body fight the infection on its own. Over-the-counter anti-inflammatory pain relievers may help with symptoms.

What is HPV?

HPV stands for human papillomavirus. Genital HPV is a very common sexually transmitted infection which usually causes no symptoms and goes away by itself but can sometimes cause serious illness. HPV is responsible for: almost all cases of genital warts and cervical cancer.

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